Tradition anew!
Biennale of Western Balkans, Ioannina, Greece

Biannual festival and year-round project that draws connections between intangible cultural heritage, art and technology.

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Welcome to the Biennale of Western Balkans

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Explaining Art Pluriverse.

Towards a deeper understanding

BoWB - Intangible Culture

[A living document]

Art Pluriverse is a community science series for arts and culture that envisions a boundary spanning approach to intangible cultural heritage (ICH) through art and open knowledge. Art Pluriverse is inspired by the concept of pluriversality as expressed in the recent publication “Pluriverse: A Post-Development Dictionary” (Kothari et al., 2019), where traditional knowledge is extended to eco-cultural relations of locality, biocultural memory and grassroots collectivity.

The programme intends to situate ICH in an intercultural applied context, drawing on the anthropological theory of Manuela Carneiro da Cunha that brings a deeper understanding on the concept of reflexivity when diverse cultures coexist (da Cunha, 2009). It actively follows the development of the Declaration on Open Access for Cultural Heritage (Heidel & Wallace, 2020), which aims to inform towards equitable and consistent practices around open access, including emerging questions in areas such as decolonization, indigenisation and ICH. It is further motivated by the call on a community-centred approach for ICH’s continuity (Aikawa-Faure, 2009) and inspired by Aboriginal new media art research as published in “Transference, Tradition, Technology” (Claxton et al., 2006).

Art Pluriverse seeks to uplift cultural knowledge systems identified as traditional, local, indigenous or folk, aiming to draw attention towards diverse epistemologies of knowledge co-production. ICH describes living cultural practices that are community-based and collectively experienced, e.g. from shared aesthetic traditions to communal resource management. ICH’s multivalent manifestations often deviate from object-centred approaches and materialities, allowing the mapping of more processual, affective and symbolic ensembles. Through the community science series we envision to further explore ICH and its ecosystem of related concepts, as cultural expressions, collective memory, living heritage and ephemera, up to digital folklore, genetic resources (WIPO, 2020) and living paradigms of commoning through alternative movements and livelihoods that value traditional social systems (Varvarousis, 2019).

We acknowledge that processes of globalisation and cross-cultural hybridisation can often revive rather than endanger cultural heritage, allowing it to respond to contemporary multifaceted social and cultural environments (Alivizatou, 2016). In this context, we aim to foster convivial spaces of digital co-existence that bring together past and contemporary intangible cultural practices, while advocating for inclusive community participation of regionally active groups and small collectives, including LGBTQ, BIPOC, diasporic, cross-border and common interest or common needs communities. Art Pluriverse is conceived as a field in the making, a critical apparatus for the slow exploration of intangible culture within the interdisciplinary art and cultural discourse.

Textile Month.

1st Edition Art Pluriverse 2020

The 1st edition of Art Pluriverse focuses on textiles, their communities of practice and artistic heritage in the Balkan region. The programme supports the co-creation of research-based artworks through artists-communities synergies and the development of digital community archives based on FAIR and Open GLAM practices, allowing communities to “take ownership of their own historical representations as a means of empowerment” (Caswell et al., 2018).

Textile making has been shifting agency from the individual to the collective and into community making (Hui & Jefferies, 2018). While rooted into local cultures and everyday life, textile making has been intensely evolving on a global scale and production. Through community science, we aim to raise awareness towards the future of textile crafts along community building and socially engaging practices (Robertson & Vinebaum, 2016), where traditional knowledge (TK) and traditional cultural expressions (TKE) are valued and safeguarded as a critical part for the development of sustainably aware cultures (Burcikova, 2011).

Bibliography:

Aikawa-Faure, Noriko. “From the Proclamation of Masterpieces to the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage.” Intangible Heritage. (2009): 13-44.

Alivizatou, Marilena. Intangible Heritage and the Museum: New Perspectives on Cultural Preservation. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press, 2016. 

Claxton, Townsend, Stephen Loft, Melanie Townsend. Transference, Tradition, Technology: Native New Media Exploring Visual & Digital Culture. Banff, Alberta: Walter Phillips Gallery Editions, 2005.

Cunha, Manuela C. “Culture” and Culture: Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Rights. Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press, 2009.

Heidel, Evelin & Andrea Wallace. Declaration Draft. Open GLAM. 2020.

Kothari, Ashish, Ariel Salleh, Arturo Escobar, Federico Demaria, and Alberto Acosta. Pluriverse: A Post-Development Dictionary. New Delhi: Tulika Books, 2019.

Varvarousis, Angelos. “Who is Afraid of Change?.” Consider Journal Issue No1, Societe Publishing New Zealand. (2019):56-65. (Ιllustrations by Sir John Tenniel, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, 1865. Artwork and Graphic Design by Christina Biliouri.) 

WIPO, Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions. Switzerland, 2015/2020.

Burcikova, Mila. “Craftivism 2000: Utopia of Socially Engaged Craft?.” Malcolm Ferris (ed). Making Futures: The Crafts as Change-maker in Sustainably Aware Cultures. Vol. 2. pp. 8-14, 2011.

Caswell, Michell. Assessing the Affective Impact of Community Archives: A Toolkit. UCLA Community Archives Lab, 2018.   

Jefferies, Janis & Hui Po Keung. “Why does Community Matter? What are we Weaving?.” Janis Jefferies (ed). A Reader TECHSTYLE Series 2.1: Fabpublic! -Talking about Textile, Community and Public Space. Mill6 Foundation, Hong Kong, 2018.

Robertson, Kirsty & Lisa Vinebaum. “Crafting Community.” Textile: Cloth and Culture. 14:1 (2016): 2-13.